Below is a video from explaining how Plantable seed paper works.

Below is another video I found giving a slightly cheesy (no pun intended!) but useful demonstration of how a pizza box can have multiple uses.


Story of Stuff

  • Planned and Perceived Obsolescence
  • Externalised Costs
  • Closed loop production
  • In the US 4 billion LBS of toxic chemicals released per year
  • 99% of the things we buy are trashed in 6 months
  • Average person consumes twice as much as they did 50 years ago
  • 4.5 LBS of rubbish per day in the US

Health Risks

Links to pizza box packaging health risks and below is some of the information from the articles.

I need to not only consider the environmental issues that pizza boxes and other kinds of waste can have an effect on but all the health risks when choosing a material for the box to be made out of.

  1. PFASs (Poly- and perFluoroalkyl Acids), known also as PFCs (Perfluorinated Compounds) allow objects to resist moisture and high temperatures and were introduced to replace a chemical used in the production of Teflon, after health concerns came to light. This hazardous chemical, known as C8 or PFOA, is produced by chemical company DuPont. Today, PFCs are found in pizza boxes and a wide range of other food containers.
  2. DIBP is part of the phthalate group of chemicals, which according to the Food Standards Agency “may have a harmful affect on human reproductive development because they have been reported to be endocrine (hormone) disrupters.”
  3. “Research is needed to find safe alternatives for all current uses of PFASs,” explain Linda Birnbaum from the US Department of Health and Human Services and Phillippe Grandjean from the University of Southern Denmark and the Harvard School of Public Health.
    “The question is: Should these chemicals continue to be used in consumer products in the meantime, given their persistence in the environment?”

Pizza Box Packaging Design

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Toss Pizza Box

Design Considerations –

Pizza is for sharing. Sharing is coming an important factor in keeping calorie intake down and there for miniature packaging design are becoming an increasingly popular trend. According to Coca Cola smaller pack sizes are fuelling growth and gaining approval of consumers.

Sharing/ eating pizza can also result in greasy fingers

Eating a full sized pizza alone may be too big a portion for one person this then may result in wasting food which is a huge problem in the world. The remaining pizza could be stored for later use but looking at a smelly greasy pizza box is a bit of an eye saw.

  • This concept was the delivering of each pizza by slice
  •  The customer has the choice of which flavours they want and how many of each.
  •  comes with a detachable holder at the end of each of the wedge boxes
  • Allows the person to eat on the go without having greasy fingers
  • Each wedge box is printed with the nutritional value at the back, and lists down the ingredients that were used to make the pizza.
  • Designed so pizza left-overs can be stored without needing the space in the refrigerator for a whole pizza box.


  • Uses so much packaging material for just one pizza

Saica food tray

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  • The thermoformed tray made of 100% recycled, recyclable and biodegradable corrugated board.
  •  Alternative to plastic trays
  • The container decomposes completely in 30 days, and its production generates 76% less CO2 than the production of PET packages, and 64% less than EPS (Expanded polystyrene) trays, which are frequently seen on supermarket shelves.

Faerch Plast pizza box concept


Faerch Plast, a Danish manufacturer of plastic containers for the food industry, introduced a new pizza box concept with the base produced from CPET, for use in ovens (max 220°C) or microwaves.

  • Made from CPET containing rPET (recycled PET bottles)
  • Can go in to a traditional oven (up to 220°C) and microwave, as well as the freezer (to -40°C).
  • Retains its shape at high temperatures.
  • 100% recyclable pizza box
  • Able to offer both cooked and ready to cook pizzas

Sustainable Packaing 3D Artifact Research


So surprisingly the first piece of sustainable packaging design that catches my eye sparks an instant idea! I was unfortunately unable to find a description of the materials used for this packaging but what I love about this design is the lovely nature illustration on the lid, it has great use of space and projects sustainability by the fact that you can plant it. I thought why don’t I try mixing nature within the packaging by using seeds in plantable packaging!

For my 3d artefact to be considered sustainably it must have an increased life cycle, second use beyond its traditional,  reduces the environmental impact and ecological footprint…

  • Using a recycled biodegradable material that has seeds mixed within the pizza box packaging can be recycled back into the ground and in its place grows new life.
  • Perhaps not all of the box will have seeds mixed within the design, perhaps its a cut out section which you then take out to plant into the ground?
  • Creates no waste
  • Perhaps there are a few different cut out sections for example 2 or 3 that you can plant, each would be different from one another. Fruit and vegetable seeds that you can plant in your own garden?
  • The packaging is buried in the soil and disintegrates while flowers or herbs are flourishing.
  • Recycled, Reused, Regrown! (slogan maybe?)

Packaging That Has Zero Waste

zero-waste can be obtained when the product has seeds embedded in its packaging material, which then can be planted after the product is consumed, ending up with flowers or plants  and zero packaging waste.

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Pangea’s Ecocentric Packaging
Pangea’s moulded fibre box for Ecocentric body/skin-care products is the first of its kind. Pangea Organics collaborated with Seeds of Change, the largest US producer of organic seeds, to create the first ever, 100% compostable, biodegradable and plantable product packaging.  It is manufactured with zero waste and created from 100% post-consumer paper board, without glues and dies

Disposable Food Bowl

Fast food, snacks and ready meals are constantly on the rise, often the packaging is non degradable and therefore polluting our environment, and causing potential harm to wildlife. Although fast food chains are beginning to change from polystyrene to a more eco friendly option like paper board there is still much more that can and needs to be done.


Michal Marko, a designer from Ružomberok, Slovakia, came up with an eco-friendly solution. The label of the biodegradable Disposable Food Bowl states: “Enjoy your food. Then put the seeds from under the label with gravel into the bowl and let it grow. After a week, plant bowl with a herb into the ground. The bowl will degrade and you can grow your own herb”.

This packaging design can revolutionise the way we make our packaging it can also help educate all in the importance of protecting out environment whilest also being a fun little activity “Enjoy your food, Plant the bowl into the ground, Let it degrade and the herbs will flourish”.

Live Food Bar Packaging

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A designer in Toronto called Amelia Roblin has created a packaging for a restaurant that caters for vegans and vegetarians by making plantable packaging.

The material used is sourced from Botanical Paperworks of Manitoba the design is a sleeve that is designed to go around a veggie wrap. It consists of recycled paper embedded with basil, parsley and oregano seeds. she also used soy or vegetable based inks for the graphics.

Once the consumer has finished their meal all that’s need to do is to wet the packaging sleeve and then bury it in the soil.

Allotment Benefits

Image source –

Allotments can be incredibly beneficial with a little bit of hard work an allotment can produce enough fruit and vegetables to supplement a family’s weekly shop and throughout the year, whilst all the time saving money that would be otherwise spent in a supermarket. It can also helps us meet the rise and demand for food all over the world.

In the past few years allotments have seen a bit of a revolution. Not only are they used for the satisfaction of growing your own food but now people go to their allotments to socialise and for the solidarity and the food that is grown is fresh and tastes better.

There are also environmental benefits from growing your own food…

It can reduce your carbon footprint which would often be linked to driving to and from supermarkets and also as you are buying less packaged food in supermarkets there will be considerably less household waste.

Dr Edmondson, said: “We found remarkable differences in soil quality between allotments and arable fields. Our study shows how effectively own-growers manage soils, and it demonstrates how much modern agricultural practices damage soils.”

source –

  • 95% of people who use allotments discard of their waste through compost meaning that carbon and nutrients are recycled back into the ground.
  • It has great mental and physical health benefits whilst also providing food security and cutting down on those food miles.